Michelson and Morley’s aether experiment 


130 years ago Michelson and Morley proved that the luminiferous aether does not exist. They set up a precise experiment that should confirm that light had an aether medium in which it propagated. To everyone’s great surprise the experiment failed repeatedly. Later this negative result has been confirmed to almost certainty by various extremely accurate experiments. This finding led physicists to develop theories under the assumption that there was no aether. Over the following years we saw the development of various theories in physics, relativity and quantum mechanics. All these theories worked very well without the need for an aether. Or so it seemed. The problem was, and still is, that physicists never found a theory that could fill the gap between relativity and quantum mechanics.


Our view is that Michelson and Morley only proved that a certain type of massless aether does not exist. Certainly there is no “aether drag”. The correct conclusion about discarding the type of aether they were testing for, was generalized to cover all types of aether. This happened 40 years before the uncertainty principle was discovered, while the understanding of the atomic world was largely lacking, and the subatomic world was hardly understood at all. No one can blame the physicists of that time for not seeing the dynamics of an aether below the domain of sub-atomic physics and the uncertainty principle. During this period came Einstein, and said that if there were any aether, it had little significance and no properties to worry about. The erroneous generalisation of the Michelson & Morley results and the great success of Einstein and others who all denounced the aether, served as an intimidating background that has kept physicists away from finding out what the aether really consists of. 





Forces by Proxy



Properties of the aether



Forces by Proxy


Michelson & Morley’s aether experiment


Properties of the aether






The Electromagnetic Force


The Strong Force


Quantum Mechanics and the Uncertainty Principle


General Relativity


Special Relativity


Scientific Method


Some support for the aether 






Jørgen Karlsen 

Einar Nyberg Karlsen




Jorgen Karlsen 

Høvik, Norway 




Tormod Førre 



Trond Erik Hillestad 

Dr. Ian Ashmore 

Prof. Kaare Olaussen 




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PrinciplePhysics.com has as its main goal to present new theories and models which can help solve some of the principle problems in physics. The topics will range from elementary particles, nuclear physics and quantum mechanics to  gravity and general relativity. A second edition of Forces by Proxy was published as an attachment to the Norwegian journal “Astronomi”, 2017 – 3. Here we present a short version, which was first released on May 17th 2017