Properties of the aether

Forces by proxy is based on the postulated existence of an immensely energetic aether. It earns its name because all attractive forces must come as a result of a lack of directional aether pressure from the attracting object. Then the otherwise neutrally directed aether pressure from outside is larger than the emitted aether flux from the attracting object, thus a compression by a third party - a proxy force. Each individual aether unit is called a K, and we talk about Ks as the aether.


Our starting point is the vacuum energy of quantum mechanics (QM) and the awareness of the so-called vacuum catastrophe. To explain physics, we need an aether that not only exist with modest properties, but rather is omnipotent with extremely high density and with an extremely high exchange rate with elementary particles all the time. Elementary particles are seen as structures with no energy of their own. A particle defines rules for how a transient population of aether units can flow through it. An electron must exchange more than 1020 K aether units per second – when at “rest” and “nothing” seems to happen. The clue is that each K aether unit has energy and momentum. A K aether unit goes through a process of absorption, retention and emission. Then a particle’s true energy and momentum is the sum of the energy and momentum of the K aether units retained simultaneously.


Now follows two visualisations of an elementary particle, showing the transient nature of the particle’s energy. The examples can not be interpreted much further than that.


 3 2009 elv2


Visualization of the flow of Ks through an elementary particle. A segment of a river basin between the lines A-A and B-B. The amount of water between the lines A and B will then be constant and the energy in the water will be constant, yet continuously changing. The energy in an elementary particle (like an electron) in a steady state will have the same kind of constant, yet changing energy as the Ks flow in and out. Even when “nothing” happens to the river segment, the steady flow exchanges perhaps 1029 H2O molecules per second, just like a single particle at “rest” will exchange 10xy Ks per second (also a very large number) 



2 2017 whirlpool 

Wide tank of water visualizing the flow of Ks through an elementary particle with dynamic borders. The water represents the aether. The drain hole in the bottom with the spinning vortex sets the framework of the particle. A water molecule is “absorbed” by the vortex when it starts spinning along with it, and it is “emitted” when it leaves the hole in the bottom. The spinning vortex is the particle that thrive on a transient population of individual water molecules. Water molecules outside the vortex represent the aether at large. 

The K aether is composed of individual units, thus allowing its statistical behaviour to rule everything in physics. The uncertainty principle is built on random exchange of a smallest unit, ћ/2. Random quantum mechanical processes are based on random clusters of directional aether impacts on particles. Every phenomenon is a result of either a force generating particle setting up a systematically biased aether flux, or it occurs from random cluster of aether hits. A bias at absorption cannot cancel out at emission, the net difference in impulse transfer between aether absorption and emission is a main ingredient in all forces of nature, including the random forces of QM.


An K aether unit carries a portion of the Planck constant ћ. We have identified a long list of properties that the K aether possesses. K has the following main properties:


·         K carries a discrete “spin” package of h/2n

·         h/2n incorporates a vector momentum pK 

·         h/2n incorporates an energy EK 

·         K comes in 2 versions with charge, K+ or K-, where charge is  K chirality.

·         K has magnetic vector BK orthogonal to its line of motion.

·        K changes direction with 90 degrees upon interaction. 


The property of K changing 90 degree is most important in understanding the zero result of Michelson and Morley, and how such a super-energetic aether can camouflage its existence so successfully for 130 years.


Statistically, a balance, neutral K aether will have a normal distribution of its momentum vector pK and its magnetic vector BK. Such directional properties will be delivered to the particle with the according statistical fluctuations. Quantum mechanics is a lot about random clusters of K impulse transfers to particles.


On the other hand, ordinary forces is about unbalanced, or biased K fluxes. Systematic surpluses of K impulse transfers from a certain direction create repulsive forces. Systematic deficiencies of K impulse transfers create attractive forces by proxy when the neutral background aether transfers a relative surplus of impulses .


The elementary particles must have their properties for how to handle Ks. The examples above shows the principle of a transient population of Ks, but very little about other dynamical properties of a particle. We will address these properties from different angles for different forces.  




Michelson & Morley’s aether experiment







Forces by Proxy


Michelson & Morley’s aether experiment


Properties of the aether






The Electromagnetic Force


The Strong Force


Quantum Mechanics and the Uncertainty Principle


General Relativity


Special Relativity


Scientific Method


Some support for the aether 






Jørgen Karlsen 

Einar Nyberg Karlsen



Jorgen Karlsen 

Høvik, Norway  



Tormod Førre 



Trond Erik Hillestad 

Dr. Ian Ashmore 

Prof. Kaare Olaussen 




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is under copyright protection of and the authors, and cannot be copied without the permission of the editor.


Mission statement has as its main goal to present new theories and models which can help solve some of the principle problems in physics. The topics will range from elementary particles, nuclear physics and quantum mechanics to  gravity and general relativity. A second edition of Forces by Proxy was published as an attachment to the Norwegian journal “Astronomi”, 2017 – 3. Here we present a short version, which was first released on May 17th 2017