The Electromagnetic Force
In order to explain electrostatic forces, we need two types of aether
units. From now on we will call the aether unit K. Ks must exist with opposite “signs” in order to accommodate
electric charge; K+ and K-.
We have deducted the following properties of charged
A particle with positive charge
has higher probability for absorbing a K+ than for absorbing a K-. A positively charged particle also generates
extra positive electric charge in the process of exchanging Ks with the aether. We assume that a small fraction of
the K- will have their sign switched to K+ during an encounter with a positively charged particle, thus creating a
surplus K+ flux radiating from the particle.
A particle with negative charge
relates to K- accordingly
The core principles for a force working through a skewed K flux is
that the interaction process of K absorption, retention and emission by particles takes place as
An abundance of K+ hits from a given direction causes a direct repulsive force to a positively charged
A deficiency of K+ hits from a given direction causes an indirect
attractive force by
proxy on a positively charged particle when the
average background K flux constitutes a relative K+ surplus, and thereby executes the pressure necessary for what
is perceived as a directly attractive force.
Model for electric K absorption in electron 1. The electron interacts more frequently with
K- than with K+. For simplicity, we show it as if all K- are absorbed, but only 1 K+ (1 out
of 7 here) is absorbed, and has its sign switched. An output of 8K- versus 6K+ exemplifies the enhanced
potency of the K- flux coming from the electron. (Most particles will absorb almost equal numbers of K+ and
K-, so the effect is not as brutal as shown here. The linear presentation is also a
Electrostatic force from Electron 1 on Electron 2.
The biased flux with a surplus of K- and a deficiency of K+ hit a neighboring electron 2 from the left
, while the neutral K-flux comes in from the right. Electron 2 absorbs 8K- and 1 K+ = 9 K impulse
transfers from the side of Electron 1. From the neutral flux from the other side, Electron 2 will absorb 7
K- and 1 K+ = 8 Ks. The net effect is a surplus of 1 K impulse, pK, pushing the electrons apart. And this is the electrostatic force, F, where equal charges repel each
The electrostatic force emerges when the modified K flux from the first electron hits a second electron.
We here demonstrate that equal
charges repel each other.
If we place a positive charge in the place of electron 2, it will be hit with 6+1 K from the left and 7+1 K
from the right, and then it is pushed towards electron 1 by the background K-flux. Opposite charges attract each
other through a Force by Proxy.
The Magnetic Force.
Lorentz force law
states that t
he electromagnetic force F from
the electric and magnetic fields E and B on a charge q travelling
at velocity v
q(E + v x
Magnetic field generation at K emission from the current I taken at two opposite points in the loop
Electric current I with 2 electrons moving at velocity
ve inside the wire, emitting 1K- from each side, with impulse pK and
-pK. In order to be emitted towards the center, both Ks must have their
magnetic vectors BK pointing upwards.
Charged particle at velocity vq absorbs the two Ks which carry
a biased magnetic K flux: B =
There is a particle q with negative charge and velocity
the middle of the ring (for instance an electron). The charged particle will absorb more K- than K+. At impact /
absorption of 2 K- the net pressure force is 0 at the absorbing particle, and the particle travels on unaffected
(for a very short while). The particle now carries a skewed population of retained Ks, with an excess of upwards K
magnetic vectors 2BK
Magnetic force effect at skewed K emission from the particle
When the particle emits the 2 Ks, the cross product of the particle’s
velocity and the magnetic vectors BK of the two Ks decide their direction of emission, as indicated by the red
arrow with the double K impulse 2pK. The observed
magnetic force will be in the recoil direction of the emitted Ks, as indicated by the direction
The working mechanism for the magnetic force is based on a recoil
effect at K emission from charged particles.
The Strong Force