The Strong Force


The strong force keeps quarks together in neutrons and protons, and it keeps protons and neutrons together in atoms. Forces by Proxy operates with a universe without any direct attractive force. Our model for the strong force starts with quarks that generate both “attractive” K flux deficiencies and repulsive K flux surpluses. Both the K flux deficiencies and K flux surpluses are tainted with the electric charge of their respective kind of quark.


Our model of the strong force have attractive zones, much like gluons. But instead of using a mathematical artefact like gluon containment, we work with beams of repulsive K flux surpluses. Then we can allow attractive zones to drop off with 1/r2 instead of diverging. Especially for the residual strong force between nucleons in atoms, we envision that introducing a grid of repulsive beams from quarks should bring about much more precise models for the atom structure.


Since there are K flux deficiencies, causing partial aether vacuums, the background aether will execute the strong force as a force by proxy. The gluon is a virtual particle representing K pressure deficiency. But because the standard model lack repulsive forces, more properties are built into the gluon formalism than just being an attractive zone. Here is how we envision the quarks.


Up-quark         Generates repulsive  directional K+ flux surplus from up-quark along its axis. These «beams» may consist of a moderately, attractive K- deficiency, or at least the K- flux is less repulsive than the K+ flux when there is a general enhancement of both K signs together with a charge conversion.

Attractive  directional K- flux deficiency from up-quark along its equator, decreasing towards the axis. This zone around equator may consist of a moderate repulsive K+ surplus, but it is also possible that the K+ flux is deficient and attractive at equator. K+ flux will become repulsive at a larger angle to the axis compared to the K- flux.  


Down-quark     The same functionality as up-quark, but with opposite sign.

                        Down-quark generates more repulsive K- surplus along its axis etc.



7 2017- strong UP quark



7 2017- strong down quark


Illustrations show a down-quark (d) and an up-quark (u) with more K emission (coloured arrows) along its axis relative to the Ks’ direction at absorption (black arrows). Such a redirection of the K-flux creates a strong repulsive force along its axis, which is stronger for the actual charge of the quark because it adds charge as it redirects the Ks. Around the equatorial plane there is an outward radiating K deficiency, more so of the opposite charge. The strong force is then a force by proxy in these zones.


7 2017- neutron triangle




  7 2017- proton special 


Possible shape of a neutron (ddu) and a proton (uud) where the general K-flux rather than the charge of the K-flux decides more regarding whether the flux is attractive or repulsive. But charge still plays an important role. The quarks concentrate their repulsive K emission along their axes. The 3 quarks in a nucleon find their lowest potential energy away from the repulsive K flux, but they also adjust their position to avoid K flux with the same charge (K sign). Repulsive “beams” from quarks in nucleons will criss-cross an atomic core. In the equatorial direction there is a K flux deficiency causing attractive zones through a strong force by proxy. The charge also plays an important role in the attractive zones. 



Model of the residual strong force including repulsive beams from quarks 

The formalism of the strong force should start with the repulsive, directional K+ and K- beams creating charge specific pressure surpluses. We may assume that each quark makes 1 beam pointing along its axis. Then this axis represents a place where a quark of equal charge cannot reside. Possibly no quark can reside there. Such a beam will spread out and become less potent at a distance. The strongest repelling zones, where the repulsive force is direct from one particle to another (of the same charge at least), will constitute a grid of beams. Some zones are just repelling to positive up-quarks, and may even be attractive to the negative down-quarks. Some zones are repelling to negative quarks, but may serve as attractive zones for up-quarks. Since nucleons have positive and negative quarks, they will also adapt the position of their quark. For the attractive part of the strong force (gluons), it must work as a force by proxy. The average pressure from outside, relative to the pressure deficiency in the gluon zones, executes the compression as a third party force by proxy. Gauss law applies. 



Summing up our view of the forces 


tabell paradigmeskifte - 600 px






The Electromagnetic Force 



Quantum Mechanics and the Uncertainty Principle 



Forces by Proxy


Michelson & Morley’s aether experiment


Properties of the aether






The Electromagnetic Force


The Strong Force


Quantum Mechanics and the Uncertainty Principle


General Relativity


Special Relativity


Scientific Method


Some support for the aether 






Jørgen Karlsen 

Einar Nyberg Karlsen



Jorgen Karlsen 

Høvik, Norway  



Tormod Førre 



Trond Erik Hillestad 

Dr. Ian Ashmore 

Prof. Kaare Olaussen 




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Mission statement has as its main goal to present new theories and models which can help solve some of the principle problems in physics. The topics will range from elementary particles, nuclear physics and quantum mechanics to  gravity and general relativity. A second edition of Forces by Proxy was published as an attachment to the Norwegian journal “Astronomi”, 2017 – 3. Here we present a short version, which was first released on May 17th 2017