The Strong Force
The strong force keeps quarks together in neutrons and protons, and it
keeps protons and neutrons together in atoms. Forces by Proxy operates with a universe without any direct
attractive force. Our model for the strong force starts with quarks that generate both “attractive” K flux
deficiencies and repulsive K flux surpluses. Both the K flux deficiencies and K flux surpluses are tainted with the
electric charge of their respective kind of quark.
Our model of the strong force have attractive zones, much like gluons.
But instead of using a mathematical artefact like gluon containment, we work with beams of repulsive K flux
surpluses. Then we can allow attractive zones to drop off with 1/r2 instead of diverging.
Especially for the residual strong force between nucleons in atoms, we envision that introducing a grid of
repulsive beams from quarks should bring about much more precise models for the atom
Since there are K flux deficiencies, causing partial aether vacuums,
the background aether will execute the strong force as a force by proxy. The gluon is a virtual particle
representing K pressure deficiency. But because the standard model lack repulsive forces, more properties are built
into the gluon formalism than just being an attractive zone. Here is how we envision the
Up-quark Generates repulsive
directional K+ flux surplus from up-quark along its axis. These
«beams» may consist of a moderately, attractive K- deficiency, or at least the K- flux is less repulsive than the
K+ flux when there is a general enhancement of both K signs together with a charge
directional K- flux deficiency from up-quark along its equator, decreasing towards the axis. This zone around
equator may consist of a moderate repulsive K+ surplus, but it is also possible that the K+ flux is deficient and
attractive at equator. K+ flux will become repulsive at a larger angle to the axis compared to the K-
The same functionality as up-quark, but with opposite sign.
Down-quark generates more repulsive K- surplus along its axis etc.
Illustrations show a down-quark (d) and an up-quark (u) with more K emission (coloured arrows) along its axis
relative to the Ks’ direction at absorption (black arrows). Such a redirection of the K-flux creates a strong
repulsive force along its axis, which is stronger for the actual charge of the quark because it adds charge as it
redirects the Ks.
Around the equatorial plane there is an outward radiating K deficiency, more so of the opposite charge. The strong
force is then a force by proxy in these zones.
Possible shape of a neutron (ddu) and a proton (uud) where the general K-flux rather than the charge of the K-flux
decides more regarding whether the flux is attractive or repulsive. But charge still plays an important role. The
quarks concentrate their repulsive K emission along their axes. The 3 quarks in a nucleon find their lowest
potential energy away from the repulsive K flux, but they also adjust their position to avoid K flux with the same
charge (K sign). Repulsive “beams” from quarks in nucleons will criss-cross an atomic core. In the equatorial
direction there is a K flux deficiency causing attractive zones through a strong force by proxy. The charge also
plays an important role in the attractive zones.
Model of the residual strong force including repulsive beams from quarks
The formalism of the strong force should start with the repulsive, directional K+ and K- beams creating charge
specific pressure surpluses. We may assume that each quark makes 1 beam pointing along its axis. Then this axis
represents a place where a quark of equal charge cannot reside. Possibly no quark can reside there. Such a beam
will spread out and become less potent at a distance. The strongest repelling zones, where the repulsive force is
direct from one particle to another (of the same charge at least), will constitute a grid of beams. Some zones are
just repelling to positive up-quarks, and may even be attractive to the negative down-quarks. Some zones are
repelling to negative quarks, but may serve as attractive zones for up-quarks. Since nucleons have positive and
negative quarks, they will also adapt the position of their quark. For the attractive part of the strong force
(gluons), it must work as a force by proxy. The average pressure from outside, relative to the pressure deficiency
in the gluon zones, executes the compression as a third party force by proxy. Gauss law applies.
Summing up our view of the forces
Quantum Mechanics and the Uncertainty